Contributions on AMBI made by the AZTI’s team

30.- Pérez, L., Borja, Á., Rodríguez G., Muxika, I., 2009. Long-term environmental, anthropogenic and climatic factors explaining spatial and temporal distribution of soft-bottom benthic communities within the Basque estuaries. Revista de Investigación Marina, 14: 22 pp.

29.- Nickell, T.D., C. J. Cromey, Á. Borja, K.D. Black, 2009. The benthic impacts of a large cod farm – are there indicators for sustainability? Aquaculture, 295(3-4): 226-237.

28.- Borja, A., A. Miles, A. Occhipinti-Ambrogi, T. Berg, 2009. Current status of macroinvertebrate methods used for assessing the quality of European marine waters: implementing the Water Framework Directive. Hydrobiologia, 633(1): 181-196.

27.- Borja, A., J.G. Rodríguez, K. Black, A. Bodoy, C. Emblow, T.F. Fernandes, J. Forte, I. Karakassis, I. Muxika, T.D. Nickell, N. Papageorgiou, F. Pranovi, K. Sevastou, P. Tomassetti, D. Angel, 2009. Assessing the suitability of a range of benthic indices in the evaluation of environmental impact of fin and shellfish aquaculture located in sites across Europe. Aquaculture, 293: 231-240.

26.- Borja, A., I. Muxika, J.G. Rodríguez, 2009. Paradigmatic responses of marine benthic communities to different anthropogenic pressures, using M-AMBI, within the European Water Framework Directive. Marine Ecology, 30: 214-227.

25.- Borja, A., J. Bald, J. Franco, J. Larreta, I. Muxika, M. Revilla, J.G. Rodríguez, O. Solaun, A. Uriarte, V. Valencia, 2009. Using multiple ecosystem components in assessing ecological status in Spanish (Basque Country) Atlantic marine waters. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 59(1-3): 54-64.

24.- Borja, A., A. Ranasinghe, S.B. Weisberg, 2009. Assessing ecological integrity in marine waters, using multiple indices and ecosystem components: challenges for the future. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 59(1-3): 1-4.

23.- Borja, A., I. Muxika, 2008. Biological Communities as a Forensic Tool in Marine Environments, Chapter 7, pp. 219-249, in Methods in Environmental Forensics (Stephen Mudge Ed.), CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Ratón, 386 pp.

22.- Borja, A., J. Mader, I. Muxika, J.G. Rodríguez, J. Bald, 2008. Using M-AMBI in assessing benthic quality within the Water Framework Directive: some remarks and recommendations. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 56: 1377-1379.

21.- de Paz, L., J. Patrício, J.C. Marques, Á. Borja, A.J. Laborda, 2008. Ecological Status assessment in the lower Eo estuary (Spain). The challenge of habitat heterogeneity integration: a benthic perspective. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 56: 1275-1283.

20.- Garmendia, M., Á., Borja, I., Muxika, 2008. Long-term environmental, climatic and anthropogenic factors affecting subtidal soft-bottom benthic communities, within the Basque coast. Revista de Investigación Marina, 2: 28 pp.

19.- Teixeira, H., F. Salas, Á. Borja, J. Neto, J.C. Marques, 2008. A benthic perspective in assessing the ecological status of estuaries: the case of the Mondego estuary (Portugal). Ecological Indicators, 8(4):  404-416.

18.- Borja, A.; Dauer, D.; Díaz, R.; Llansó, R.J.; Muxika, I.; Rodríguez, J.G.; Schaffner, L., 2008. Assessing estuarine benthic quality conditions in Chesapeake Bay: a comparison of three indices. Ecological Indicators, 8(4): 395-403.

17.- Borja, A., D.M. Dauer, 2008. Assessing the environmental quality status in estuarine and coastal systems: comparing methodologies and indices. Ecological Indicators, 8(4): 331-337.

16.- Muxika, I., L. Ibaibarriaga, J.I. Sáiz-Salinas, Á. Borja, 2007. Minimal sampling requirements for a precise assessment of soft-bottom macrobenthic communities, using AMBI. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 349: 323-333.

15.- Borja, A., A.B. Josefson, A. Miles, I. Muxika, F. Olsgard, G. Phillips, J.G. Rodríguez, B. Rygg, 2007. An approach to the intercalibration of benthic ecological status assessment in the North Atlantic ecoregion, according to the European Water Framework Directive. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 55: 42-52.

14.- Muxika, I., Á. Borja, J. Bald, 2007. Using historical data, expert judgement and multivariate analysis in assessing reference conditions and benthic ecological status, according to the European Water Framework Directive, Marine Pollution Bulletin, 55: 16-29.

13.- Borja, A., I. Muxika, J. Franco, 2006. Long-term soft-bottom benthos recovery, following urban and industrial sewage treatment in the Nervión estuary (southern Bay of Biscay). Marine Ecology Progress Series, 313: 43-55.

12.- Borja, A., I. Muxika, 2005. Guidelines for the use of AMBI (AZTI’s marine biotic index) in the assessment of the benthic ecological quality. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 50: 787-789.

11.- Muniz, P., N. Venturini, A.M.S. Pires-Vanin, L.R. Tommasi, A. Borja, 2005. Testing the applicability of a Marine Biotic Index (AMBI) for assessing the ecological quality of soft-bottom benthic communities in the South America Atlantic region. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 50: 624-637.

10.- Borja, A., I. Muxika, 2005. Do benthic indicator tools respond to all impact sources?, The case of AMBI (Azti Marine Biotic Index), p 15-18. Magni, P., J. Hyland, G. Manzella, H. Rumohr, P. Viaroli, A. Zenetos (Eds.). Proceedings of the Workshop “Indicators of Stress in the Marine Benthos”, Torregrande-Oristano (Italy), 8–9 October 2004. Paris, UNESCO/IOC, IMC, 2005. iv + 46 pp., OC Workshop Reports, 195.

9.- Muxika, I.; Borja, Á.; Bonne, W., 2005. The suitability of the marine biotic index (AMBI) to new impact sources along European coasts. Ecological Indicators 5(1): 19-31.

8.- Salas, F., Nieto, J.M., Borja, A., Marques, J.C., 2004. Evaluation of the applicability of a marine biotic index to characterise the status of estuarine ecosystems: the case of Mondego estuary (Portugal). Ecological Indicators, 4: 215-225.

7.- Borja, A., J. Franco, I. Muxika, 2004. The Biotic Indices and the Water Framework Directive: the required consensus in the new benthic monitoring tools. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 48(3-4): 405-408.

6.- Borja, A., J. Franco, V. Valencia, J. Bald, I. Muxika, M.J. Belzunce, O. Solaun, 2004. Implementation of the European Water Framework Directive from the Basque Country (northern Spain): a methodological approach, Marine Pollution Bulletin, 48(3-4): 209-218.

5.- Gorostiaga, J.M., Á. Borja, I. Díez, G. Francés, S. Pagola-Carte, J.I. Sáiz Salinas, 2004. Recovery of benthic communities, in polluted systems. In: Borja, A. and Collins, M. (Eds.). Oceanography and Marine Environment of the Basque Country, Elsevier Oceanography Series, 70: 549-578, Elsevier, Amsterdam.

4.- Borja, Á., Franco, J., Muxika, I., 2003. Classification tools for marine ecological quality assessment: the usefulness of macrobenthic communities in an area affected by a submarine outfall. ICES CM 2003/Session J-02, Tallinn (Estonia), 24-28 September, 2003.

3.- Muxika, I., Borja, Á., Franco, J., 2003. The use of a biotic index (AMBI) to identify spatial and temporal impact gradients on benthic communities in an estuarine area. ICES CM 2003/Session J-01, Tallinn (Estonia), 24-28 September, 2003.

2.- Borja, A.; I. Muxika, J. Franco, 2003. The application of a Marine Biotic Index to different impact sources affecting soft-bottom benthic communities along European coasts. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 46: 835-845.

1.- Borja, A., J. Franco, V. Pérez, 2000. A marine biotic index to establish the ecological quality of soft bottom benthos within European estuarine and coastal environments. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 40(12): 1100-1114.